After the introductory stage, which is characterised by introductory courses in landscape planning / landscape architecture as well as engineering biology and landscape management, subject-specific and cross-disciplinary contents are taught. This includes modules in basics of natural sciences (e.g. ecology), applied natural sciences (e.g. hydrobiology) and methods of applied engineering sciences (surveying). Moreover, compulsory courses also include aspects of social and economic sciences and law as well as related disciplines related to planning. Two autonomous written papers must be written as bachelor papers in the framework of project courses.